Italy is the oldest wine region in the world. Etruscans and Greek settlers produced wine in Italy before the Romans started their own vineyards in the 2 nd century BC. Roman grape-growing and winemaking was prolific and well-organized, pioneering large-scale production and storage techniques like barrel-making and bottling.
There is no other country on earth with a wine culture like that of Italy. There are over 2000 indigenous varieties (native grapes) spread throughout this beautiful country. Each of Italy's 20 regions is home to a unique viticultural industry, from the cool climates in the northeast such as Alto Adige and Friuli to the warm, sunny zones of the south such as Campania, Puglia and Sicily. Be it delicious whites with vibrant acidity or powerful reds that age for decades, Italian wines present every color in the rainbow, viticulturally speaking!
Italy is home to some of the oldest wine-producing regions in the world and is the world's largest wine producer as France. Italian wine is exported around the world and is also extremely popular in Italy: Italians lead the world in wine consumption by volume with 70 litres per capita consumption. Grapes are grown in almost every region of the country and there are more than one million vineyards under cultivation.